Muslims in Britain: History, Diversity, Socio-Economic Status


  • Shaista Malik Infochange (Pvt) Limited, Islamabad, Pakistan



Mapping, Migration, Imperial, Beliefs, Population


This paper examines the growing presence of Muslims in the United Kingdom (UK), a community that, despite being a minority, is expanding rapidly according to data from the Oxford-based Migration Observatory. This research examines the diverse origins, cultures, languages, and religious beliefs of British Muslims, setting the stage to explore the multifaceted emergence of Islam and Muslims in the UK. The study investigates the various phases of Muslim migration, pinpointing the principal reasons for their arrival and the routes chosen by individuals from countries such as Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Syria, Somalia, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Yemen to settle in cities like London, Glasgow, Birmingham, Cardiff, Bradford, Liverpool, Hull, and Sheffield. It identifies key factors driving the formation of Muslim communities in the UK, including political instability, ethno-religious conflicts, natural disasters, civil unrest, decolonisation, and labour shortages. Additionally, the paper assesses the socioeconomic status of Muslims in England and concludes with strategic recommendations for policymakers.

JEL Classification: A14, Z1.


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Author Biography

Shaista Malik, Infochange (Pvt) Limited, Islamabad, Pakistan




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How to Cite

Malik, S. (2024). Muslims in Britain: History, Diversity, Socio-Economic Status. Journal of Development Policy, Research & Practice, 7(1), 165–180.